These occur when the knee ligament that connects the thigh bone with the calve becomes torn and is most like to happen to beginners. The severity can range from a small tear to completely being torn in two pieces. ACL ruptures are typically caused by quickly changing direction when sprinting.Prevention
- Stretch and strengthen all leg muscles prior to participation
- Wear low-heeled sneakers
- Avoid wearing cleats
This type of injury involves sharp pain and a feeling of tightness in the back of the thigh. These are typically caused by high kicks and sprinting that require explosive speed. The severity of pain will vary.
- Strength train the hamstring muscles
- Loosen up your lower back muscles
- Get plenty of rest to facilitate recovery
This is one of the most common injuries in high contact sports. Symptoms can vary from light pain to severe aching. Ankle sprains are usually a result of explosive running and/or changing direction.
- Focus on balance training
- Use ankle braces
- Strengthen the ankle muscles
These involve sharp pains in the front of the calves. These are also known as Tibial Stress Syndrome. The muscles become inflamed and cause pressure against the bone,
- Increase speed and distance gradually when running
- Consider Cross Training
- Wear supportive shoes
This injury involves pain and swelling in the back of the ankle, or the Achilles tendon. This area is prone to injury when you walk, jump or run. It can also become overused and may become degenerated overtime. Chronic injuries do not prevent the player from participating in the sport, however, it may greatly reduce performance and speed.
- Calf Stretches
- Icing the area after the activity
- Getting rest
Being one of the most common head injuries, these often lead to a change in mental state due to severe impact to the head. It does not have to result in a lost of consciousness. Concussion symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, a loss of balance, etc.
The Bottom line…
Football can be an exhilarating sport. However, keeping yourself safe, wearing the proper equipment and staying physically prepared are important to prevent the many injuries that can occur while on the field.